Seasonal trends may be beginning to take hold in construction’s labour market.
Statistics Canada released data from its November Labour Force Survey on December 2. The survey, which covers the period from November 6 to 12, showed that both construction employment (-47,000; -3.0%) and the industry labour force (-45,000; -2.7%) contracted in November. As a result, the industry’s unemployment rate increased – slightly – to 3.4%.
The slowdown in industry employment mirrors recent trends in building activity. September saw investment in building construction decline by 0.6% – largely as a result of reduced activity in the residential sector. Building permit values also declined in October – by 5.6% – as gains in the non-residential sector (+13.0%) were outpaced by contractions in the residential (-14.1%) sector.
Although construction’s labour market remains constrained, with the industry unemployment rate remaining near historic lows and job vacancies approaching historic highs, positive signs may be emerging. Since August, the industry’s labour force and employment levels have moved nearly in parallel. This may be a sign that industry labour markets are finally achieving greater equilibrium.
Compared with November 2021, however, labour force conditions remain constrained. Year-over-year growth in the labour force (+61,000; +4.0%) was more than outpaced by employment growth (+76,400; +5.2%) over the same period. Over the past 12 months, the industry’s unemployment rate has dropped from 4.6% to 3.4%.
All-industry employment little changed in November
Across the entire national economy, employment was little changed in November (+10,000), following an increase of 108,000 (+0.6%) in October.
The stability in overall total employment was the result of offsetting movements across multiple industries. Gains in the financial, insurance, real estate, manufacturing, information, cultural, and recreation sectors were offset by declines in construction, as well as wholesale and retail trade.
Overall, the national rate of unemployment declined by 0.1 percentage points – to 5.1%.
Seasonal trends lower construction employment in most provinces; year-over-year figures increase
Seasonal trends reduced construction employment across most provinces in November.
At 1,200 workers (+6.1%), Newfoundland and Labrador was the only province to add workers for the month. All other provinces recorded employment declines, with Alberta, Saskatchewan, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick all reporting contractions of at least 6%. Employment decreases in Ontario and Manitoba were less than 1%.
British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec also continued to experience tightness in their respective labour markets, with unemployment rates reaching 2.7%, 2.9%, 2.5%, and 3.0%, respectively. All other provinces reported unemployment rates above the national industry rate of 3.4%. Provincial unemployment rates were highest in Newfoundland and Labrador (12.9%) and Prince Edward Island (10.7%).
Over the same period, all provinces except Saskatchewan (-6.2%) and Alberta (-3.5%) reported gains in their respective labour forces. Year-over-year increases ranged from 13.8% in Prince Edward Island to 4.6% in Ontario.
Finally, among the 1,528,500 workers employed in the construction sector nationally in November, 1,179,600 were employees, with the vast majority (1,155,400) working in the private sector. Construction reported 358,900 self-employed workers in November, which is down from the 381,300 recorded in October and down by 6,000 workers from the 364,900 in November 2021. Of those self-employed businesses, 105,900 employed paid helpers.